Ежегодная конференция IGIP в МАДИ (ГТУ) Москва

Churches and monasteries

Moscow the Gold Domed, with its numerous churches, monasteries and convents, has been the centre of Russian Orthodoxy from the earliest times.

The St. Daniel Monastery and the Saint Andronik Monastery, where the great Russian artist Andrei Rublev lived as a monk, died and was buried are most ancient. The Saviour Cathedral, dated 1420-1427, is one of the oldest buildings in today's Moscow.

The Donskoy Monastery was founded in 1593 in commemoration of Moscow's miraculous deliverance from an imminent threat of Khan Kazy-Girey's invasion. It was named after the icon of Our Lady of the Don. Russian soldiers prayed at the icon before the battle but woke up the next day to find that the enemy had retreated abandoning their arms.

The Novodevichy Convent was founded west of the St. Daniel Monastery in 1524 and dedicated to the miracle-working icon of Our Lady of Smolensk the Hodegetria, which was petitioned to help fight the town of Smolensk back from Lithuania. For a long time, the convent served as the abode to tsarinas, tsarevnas and boyar wives seeking

Within these walls lived, the widow of Ivan the Terrible's son Ivan. Here the sister of Peter the Great, Tsarevna Sophia, spent her final years. Peter's first wife, Eudoxia Lopukhina was incarcerated inside the convent. A cemetery for Russian clerical and secular nobility was opened within the convent's walls in the 16 century. Renowned Russian soldiers, politicians, cultural figures and artists have been buried at the convent. The churches of Moscow are masterpieces  of ancient Russian art. The Cathedral in Yelokhov, which houses the lamed miracle-working icon of  Kazan God’s Mother has been especially revered by Russians since the 15th century. Splendid is the Ascension Church near the Nikitskiy Gate.

The revived Cathedral of Christ the Saviour is the Russian Orthodox Church's main temple today. The history of the cathedral is a tragic one. Founded on the site of the former St. Aleksey Convent in 1839, it was dedicated to Russia's victory in the 1812 war. According to the Legend one of the nuns, indignant at the relocation of the convent, cursed the spot predicting that no building would stand there longer than for 50 years. The original Cathedral of Christ the Saviour lasted 48 years and was blown up by the order of Joseph Stalin in 1931. It was later replaced by a huge public swimming pool. It was not until 2000 A.D. that the reconstructed cathedral opened its doors anew.

The Moscow Eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church currently administers seven cathedrals and churches in the Moscow Kremlin, 10 monasteries and 724 churches and chapels, with more than 600 open for service. Moscow has a total of more than 50 religious denominations.